The final observation report of Ukraine’s May 25, 2014 Presidential election was presented to Prime Minister Harper in Toronto by both heads of mission for the Canadian Election Observation Mission, Senator Raynell Andreychuk and former Ontario Premier Mike Harris.
The report can be downloaded here:
• At the request of the Government of Ukraine, the Government of Canada fielded an
independent, bilateral mission of election observers for the 2014 Early Presidential
Election in Ukraine.
• Ukraine’s presidential elections are held in a single, nationwide constituency. In
order to be elected president, a candidate must win a majority of votes cast. If no
single candidate wins a majority of votes, a run-off second round is held between
the two candidates who received the most votes.
• The Canadian Election Observation Mission (CANEOM) to the 2014 Early Presidential
Election in Ukraine was led by Senator Raynell Andreychuk and former Ontario
Premier Mike Harris.
• CANEOM subscribes to the Declaration of Principles for International Election
Observers and Code of Conduct for International Election Observers that was
honoured at the United Nations on October 27, 2005, and endorsed by 42 intergovernmental
and international organizations.
• Thirty-five long-term observers (LTOs) arrived in Ukraine on May 6, joining a sevenmember
core team that arrived in late-April. A further 104 short-term observers
(STOs) arrived in Ukraine on May 19. CANEOM deployed teams of observers in
23 oblasts of Ukraine and Kyiv city.
• The Early Presidential Election was held, and in the overwhelming majority of Ukrainian
territory met international democratic standards for free and fair elections.
• Notwithstanding the troubling violence in Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts, and the
illegal annexation of sovereign Ukrainian territory in Crimea by the Russian Federation,
the election was a clear and unambiguous reflection of the democratic will of the
• The Early Presidential Election in Ukraine took place in every region of the country
except occupied Crimea.
• The illegal occupation and annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea by
the Russian Federation in effect disenfranchised over 1.5 million Ukrainian citizens
and deprived them of the right to vote for their President.
• Excepting Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, where the violent actions of militants and
unwarranted intrusions and destabilization by the Russian Federation disturbed both
the campaign and the administration of the election, the overall campaign was
relatively calm and free of violations.
• The disenfranchisement of voters in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, as well as citizens
of Ukraine living in the occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea,
was not the result of actions taken by Ukraine’s governing authorities, nor its election
administration. Rather, the disenfranchisement of voters in these regions of Ukraine
was the result of illegal invasion, intimidation causing fear, and annexation by a foreign
power, or violence caused by armed militants acting outside the boundaries of law.
• The electoral and legal framework underwent several amendments over the course
of the election period to strengthen its compliance with international standards
and democratic principles. These changes balanced the protection of voting rights
and the integrity of voting processes in a difficult security environment.